Violin String Notes 

 March 3, 2021

By  Zen Chung

This article will navigate about the strings of the violin and will highlight the names the strings of the violin. Before we familiarize you with the name of the violin strings, let us give you a simple overview of the violin strings to provide more knowledge and understanding regarding the subject.

The strings of an instrument play an important role in producing the best sound your violin can produce. Most popular strings are mid-priced synthetic-core strings. Using a gut-core string can instantly warm-up an instrument. Violin players often start with the medium gauge or tension of strings to see how their instrument responds to the manufacturer’s generally balanced tension. The next part of this reading are the three types of strings that are available in the market.



  1. Synthetic-Core Strings.

These strings are made out of different types of synthetic materials such as nylon and composite fibers. Favorably, they produce a richer, fuller, and warmer tone quality compared to that of steel-core strings. Also, they have greater complexity and a wider spectrum of tone colors and can perform more subtle tonal effects than steel. Many strings have been developed to adapt the desired warmth and feel gut-core strings, however, not similar with most gut strings, their pitch stabilize fairly fast after installation. with these qualities, they are the most popular type of string for bowed players.

  1. Gut Strings

These gut strings provide warm, rich tone quality, and complex, colorful sound with the plentiful overtones produced when played. The gut strings come in either plain or pure unwound gut. These strings come in different gauges and can vary mostly in volume and response depending on the instrument.

  1. Steel-Core Strings

Steel-core strings have a thinner diameter compared to synthetic and gut strings. Primarily, they have a simple, bright and well-focused sound, a very quick response, and a good pitch quality. They produce a volume depending on the instrument they are installed on. Generally, they will give a well-adjusted instrument an edgy, thin, and cutting-through quality of sound.

What are the Four Strings on the Violin?

The violin has four strings which are all tuned in perfect fifths. Learning and memorizing the 4 strings on the violin is an important step in our learning how to play the violin. It’s simple, fun, and absolutely necessary to tune our ability to play, and our ability to improve our skills on the violin.

Whether you’re playing on Dominant, Pirastro, D’addario violin strings or more popular strings in the market, it won’t matter much if we don’t know which one we are playing.

To start, use this guide to memorize the names of the strings. Then, we can begin to learn the individual notes on each string.

G String

  • The G string is the thickest among all strings of the violin and is, therefore, the lowest in pitch.
  • It is positioned on the left side of the violin (for right-handed players, on the right side of the violin for left-handed players).
  • The G string is positioned next to the D string.
  • The Scientific pitch is G3
  • Tuning Frequency is 196 Hz

D String

  • The D string is one of the inside two strings placed on the violin.
  • D string is the second thickest string.
  • It is located next to the G string on the left-hand side of the violin, for right-handed players.
  • Located on the right-hand side of the violin for left-handed players, which is the easiest way to remember it.
  • Next to the D string is the A string.
  • Its Scientific pitch is D4
  • Tuning Frequency is 293.66

A String

  • The A is another string found in the inside two strings on the violin.
  • This string is second thinnest.
  • The A is positioned directly next to the E string, on the right side of the violin for right-handed players.
  • Its Scientific Pitch is A4
  • Tuning Frequency is 440.00 Hz

E String

  • The E string is the thinnest and the highest pitched string on the violin.
  • It is located on the right side of the violin of the right-handed players.
  • Located on the left side of the violin for left-handed players.
  • One way to locate the E string is that when you hold the violin up to your shoulder, the E string is the furthest away from your shoulder.
  • Its Scientific pitch is E5
  • Tuning Frequency is 659.26

To be familiar with the position of the strings in a violin, you have to remember that when you are holding your violin, the strings are facing you. Now, for right-handed players, the thicker strings start on the left side of the violin. It is that simple.

Generally, most violins have four strings, but there are existing violins with additional strings. Some have reached seven strings on a violin and that is the maximum. Five-stringed violins are typically used in jazz or folk music.

When is the perfect time to replace the strings? Replacing the strings should be done as soon as the strings start to wear out. Unraveled strings make the violin sound fuzzy and can also cause scratches in the fingerboard. Old strings will lose their tones and the sound they produce will become dull. Whenever the strings are losing their resonance and playability most important while using vibrato then it is time for a new set.


This article provides you with the comprehensive knowledge about the strings of a violin. From the type of strings that are available in the market, the familiarity of the names and their positions in the violin. The faster for you to become familiar with the basics of the violin strings, it will be easier for you to progress on your violin. Also, it will increase the speed in learning.


What notes are the 4 strings on a violin?

There are four strings on the violin. A violin's strings are tuned to E, A, D, and G from high to low.

What notes should violin strings be?

Open strings on a violin are tuned to the notes G, D, A, and E, from lowest to highest. (Each string is pitched a fifth higher than the one below it.) The open string will create a note that is a full note higher than the first stop on the fretboard. A, E, B, and F# are the notes in question.

How do you remember violin strings?

Know that "GDAE" is the tuning for both mandolins and violins. It also sounds like the word Good Day, that is "G'Day".

How do you read violin strings?

Dividing the staff into lines and spaces is the simplest way to learn violin musical notes. These are the notes that fall on the lines of the staff, that is, notes that are directly on top of the lines and overlap with the lines. Begin memorizing each note from the bottom line and work your way up to the top line.

Can Violin be self-taught?

Learning an instrument on your own isn't impossible; even a complex instrument like the violin can be learned without the help of a violin instructor. Though, there comes a point where you will definitely require more help and added assistance.

What is the hardest instrument to play?

The violin is often ranked as one of the most difficult instruments to master. Why is it so difficult to play the violin? It's a tiny stringed instrument that's played with a bow. To play the violin properly, you must keep it in the proper place while maintaining proper posture.

Zen Chung

I'm Zen Chung, a piano and violin teacher based out of Plano, Texas. I started this blog because my students (and their parents) kept asking about the best musical instruments to buy online. Look no further I'm here to save the day! 

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